How to extract a tar.gz , .tgz or gzip-bz2 file?
Files with extension tar.gz or .tgz are tar files compressed with gzip. On Unix system extract them with following command:
$ gunzip < file.tar.gz | tar xvf -
$ gunzip < file.tgz | tar xvf -
If you have GNU tar (Linux system) you can use the z option directly:
$ tar xvzf file.tar.gz
$ tar xvzf file.tgz
For bzip2 tar file, we use the below command:
$ tar xvjf file.tar.bz
In these commands:
- x = eXtract, this indicated an extraction ( c = create to create )
- v = verbose (optional) the files with relative locations will be displayed.
- z = gzip-ped; j = bzip2-zipped
- f = from/to file … (what is next after the f is the archive file)